If you’re looking to start a home gardening project, learning how to plant a flower garden might be a great beginner project. Not only does a flower garden brighten your yard, but it also overflows with opportunities for the creative spirit to come alive.
Despite being a rewarding venture, planting a flower garden is certainly a challenging task. Installing a new flower garden requires considerable time, effort and money.
Some of the flower gardens, especially those with perianal flowers take about two to three years to reach their full potential. It’s also true that the flower garden requires regular maintenance. However, it does not take special skills for a thriving garden. Let’s look at the basics of planting a flower garden.
Determine The Theme of Your Flower Garden
The first step towards creating a flower garden is to visualize your garden and determine what you would want your garden to look like. A garden theme can be anything from potted tulips on your front porch to an elaborate landscape sprawling on your orchard.
Your garden theme does not need to be complicated. It can either be general or specialized. For instance, if you love relaxing with a book and cup of chamomile tea, a tea garden themed flower garden might just be what you might be looking for.
Also, if you’ve children or grandchildren, an inspirational and flowery themed garden will offer your kids a wide range of learning experiences, and loads of creative ways to encourage The kids to start small or think big.
How Do I Choose The Perfect Flower Garden Location?
The next step after determining the theme of your garden is to decide on the location of your garden. If you’re like most homeowners with limited space and are not planting enough flowers to fill up a large space.
Try to keep the flower garden in locations where it can be appreciated up close by yourself and passersby. Ideal locations in for your home garden include along the front walk, or around the mailbox.
According to Saving Water Organization, another reason to plant the garden in an accessible location is so that you can easily water during the dry weeks or cover during frost. The most important consideration, however, is to find a location where the flowers can thrive.
Most flowers require good drainage, meaning that your designated location should not hold stagnant water, since soggy soils may rot the flowers.
Finally, take into consideration the amount of direct sunlight reaching the spot. For optimum growth, most plants require at least six hours of direct sunlight.
Choosing Your Flowers
Selecting the right plants for your garden in a matter of personal preference. However, with so many types of species and varieties, it can be quite challenging as well as mind-boggling.
According to Huffington Post choosing the right flower plant will depend on an array of factors such as the color, fragrance, height, time of bloom, hardiness and size of the plant.
The purpose of your garden may also serve as a pointer as to which plant you need. For instance, if you’re looking to create a work of beauty just for you, you may be liberty of experimenting with different flower colors.
And if you want to attract hummingbirds, butterflies or songbirds on your front door, you may have to choose flowers known to attract nature.
Annuals Vs. Perennials. Which is better?
As far as flower gardening is concerned, there’re basically two types of flower plant; annuals and perennial. According to LiveScience, annuals live for only one growing season. During this season, they sprout, grow, produce seeds, and then die.
Annuals are popular with many gardeners because;
- They are often more colorful
- They can take over in the summer
- Do not require pruning
- They are versatile and can thrive anywhere
Some of the common annual plants that make an ideal addition to your flower garden include;
- Spider flowers
- Cosmos flowers
On the other hand, according to National Gardening Association the term perennial is reserved for plant which live for more than two years. Some of them stay underground during winter without shooting, only to sprout again during spring.
The main benefits of perennial flower plant include;
- Preserve soil moisture, meaning they don’t require constant watering
- Live for a long time
- Do not require much maintenance, especially when it comes to fertilizers and other flower foods since they’ve deep roots that draw nutrients from the underground
- They improve the structure of the soil
Seeds or Plants?
This is a great gardening dilemma; should you start from seed or buy/transplant the plants. Again, this will depend on many factors such as the type of flower plants you’ve and your location.
If you want to give your garden a quick start, you can purchase young plants. On the other hand, growing seed offers more control over plant numbers and flexibility to sow little and often.
Maintaining your Flower Garden
The final step of the gardening process is care and maintenance. Caring for your lawn is not just about weeding the flowers; it also entails proper watering, dusting and feeding the flowers.
Other care and maintenance tips include shearing, dis budding, pinching and nipping.