Gardening is now very common among homeowners and understanding garden pest control is very important. A lot of people around the world today are growing their own food. There are too many risks associated with off-the-shelf foods, especially with fresh produce.
For example, you don’t know where the food is coming from and you rarely have any information on the farming practices used to produce it.
As a result, there is a new trend among homeowners of converting their backyards into small gardens. And you don’t even need to grow food or vegetables. You can grow flowers too so you can make sure that your property looks classy.
What Are Most Destructive Garden Pests?
Before we start highlighting some of the pest control measures that you can explore for your garden, it is important to, first of all, have a clear picture on some of the most destructive garden pests today. If you know what you are dealing with, then it becomes easier to do so effectively.
There are many pests that can wreak havoc in your garden but here are the top five to keep in mind:
Aphids are tiny pear-shaped pests that have a very long antenna as you can see on Wikipedia. They are uniquely identified using two tubes that project to the rear. The pests are very dangerous for fruits and vegetables.
They can affect flowers too. The aphids suck out the sap in plants leading to the distortion of foliage and dropping of leaves. They can have massive effects on the garden produce if not addressed as quickly as possible.
- The Cabbage Maggot
If you have not experienced the destruction of the cabbage maggot then you are one lucky gardener. The pests are commonly found in cabbage. What makes the cabbage maggots so dangerous is that they target the plant roots.
This can easily cut off the source of the nutrients for the plant, leading to complete destruction. There are simple ways you can use to take care of this problem and they will be highlighted in this article.
The caterpillar is the larva that eventually produces the butterfly. However, don’t let this fool you, caterpillars are some of the most destructive pests for your garden. The caterpillars are soft and segmented larvae.
They are quite distinct from their head and have six legs. Caterpillars will mostly chew on leaves. If you have a vegetable garden, they can totally eat their way through everything. Taking care of this issue as soon as possible is very important.
Cutworms are often active at night and as such, they are very hard to spot. They are fat 1-inch long pests and will mostly be found on vegetables. Cutworms wreak havoc during the early stages of planting.
Because they are primarily going to feed on plant stems, younger plants with weaker and softer stems are highly targeted. Pest control measures for cutworms exist but they must be implemented sooner.
Best Solutions for Pest Problems
There are a number of simple homemade solutions that you can explore to deal with the pest problem. It all depends on the problem that you have. In case your garden has been infested by aphids, you can use high-pressure water to wash them off the plants according to Gardening Know How.
You can also try to use native predators to get rid of them. There are quite a number of natural aphid predators. Aphid midges, lady Beatles, and Lacewings are great choices for this. In case you are dealing with cabbage maggots, then applying cutting row covers will handle everything.
You can also apply parasitic nematodes around the root of the plants says Britannica. As for caterpillars and cutworms, the idea of using natural predators is often advised. Applying floating row covers will also help address the issue.
It is important to note that there are many chemical pesticides that you can use to do pest control. However, always maintain organic solutions as your first priority. The last thing you need is to eat garden fruits or vegetables stuffed with pesticide chemicals. It’s not healthy at all.
Controlling pest in your garden is the first step towards a quality harvest. Your hard work will go down the drain if you don’t find garden pest control measures that work. The simple solutions above are ideal but there are not the only ones.
You need to regularly inspect your garden for any sign of infestation and engage the services of a professional pest control expert to ensure that you are not missing anything.